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How to interpret the DNA analysis report?

A Raw DNA data file contains the list of SNPs and parental alleles as sequenced and reported by the Lab. Usually, the SNP chromosome location and position/address are also reported.
The DNA to Z analysis software searches for your SNP matches in the Human Genome Database and reports all these matches.  
Each parental allele is also checked against significant/common/risk disease or trait allele. The basic report will tell you if Parent1 or Parent2 alleles match the risk allele using the True or False condition.
The standard and premium reports tells you much more in an easy to understand graphic displays.

Carrier or Recessive

Every person has two copies of a given gene, one inherited from each parent. When both parental alleles match the risk allele in the database then the condition is called "Recessive". That means that both copies of the same gene have a mutation. (TRUE/TRUE).
A carrier is a person who has only one gene with a mjutation and one gene that is unaffected.  (TRUE/FALSE). Carriers are usually eymptoms-free and do not know that they carry the mutation. But they can pass it to their offspring.

Gene Name

Since many disease have genetic origin, the gene name is reported by DNA to Z.
For example DMD is the gene name for Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy- a progressive degenration of skeletal muscles.

Link to reference

The links to medical references is reported for each SNP. The NCBI library is the one most often used. Understanding the medical terms in not easy so it is always recommended to consult your family doctor if you have any concerns.
The DNA to Z reports are to be used for education purpose only. WE DO NOT PROVIDE ACTIONABLE MEDICAL DIAGNOSIS.

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